Mexico – Decriminalization of marijuana

The Mexican Senate approves the decriminalization of marijuana for recreational, scientific, medical, and industrial uses; however the law has yet to be passed by the Congress, next, on Latin America Screening News.

The proposed initiative to Legalize Marijuana includes, among other things, the creation of the Mexican Institute for the Regulation and Control of Cannabis reporting to the Ministry of Health. The new entity will issue five types of operating licenses related to the cultivation, transformation, sale, research, and export or import of marijuana.

In its first article, the regulation states that it seeks to “improve the living conditions” of Mexicans and “contribute to the reduction of the crime incidence linked to drug trafficking.”

Since taking office in December 2018, President Andrés Manuel López Obrador has supported the decriminalization of marijuana and other drugs as part of his strategy to fight organized crime.

The law stipulates that only people over 18 years of age may cultivate, carry, and consume marijuana and its derivatives, with a permit from the Mexican Institute for the Regulation and Control of Cannabis. In addition, individuals may possess up to 28 grams of marijuana, but may not use it in public or private work areas.